# College Math Teaching

## February 10, 2016

### Vector subspaces: two examples

Filed under: linear albegra, pedagogy — Tags: — collegemathteaching @ 8:41 pm

I am teaching linear algebra our of the book by Fraleigh and Beauregard. We are on “subspaces” (subsets of $R^n$ for now) and a subspace is defined to be a set of vectors that is closed under both vector addition and scalar multiplication. Here are a couple of examples of non-subspaces:

1. $W= \{(x,y)| xy = 0 \}$. Now this space IS closed under scalar multiplication, note that this space IS closed under additive inverses. But it is not closed under addition as $[x,0] + [0,y]=[x,y] \notin W$ for $x \neq 0, y \neq 0$.

2. (this example is in the book): the vectors $\{(n, m) | n, m \in Z \}$ are closed under vector addition but not under scalar multiplication.